This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. She has the ability to identify objects placed before her. She is equipped with a sensor which allows her to signal pain or annoyance. If you squeeze her cheeks or other parts of her anatomy she will tell you, “That hurts or stop touching me.”Video: Aiko at Ontario Science Center: November 22-23, 2008Aiko has the ability to talk and interact with humans with 13,000 sentence at her disposal. She has can be programmed to recognize intruders and immediately switch to a defense mode. If it is raining outdoors, she will bring you an umbrella. Aiko is a dream girl, but her inventor Le Trung envisions a day when Aiko clones can be used as security in airports and other public places, assistants for house-bound disabled people, the elderly and as office assistants. Aside from Aiko’s lovely appearance, Le Trung’s biggest claim to fame is the technology. He combined his innovative ‘Brain’ technology by programming in C# and Basic which constantly updates. The ‘Brain’ software controls speech, reading, math, vision, colors, hearing, automation and sensors. She is a work in progress with the best yet to come. Video: Aiko’s Smaller Hand: August 25, 2008Additionally, the software can control Robot kits like Kondo KHR2 through voice activation, automation and basic recognition. Uniquely, the ‘Brain’ software is designed to interact with Aiko’s environment, process the data, and record it in the internal memory. When the internal memory reaches full capacity, the synthesized data can be transferred into the server data base. The result is an evolving data base that can be shared and used by future Aiko clones. Le Trung has maxed out his personal funding and credit lines to create Aiko. Project Aiko has made the rounds with the press and public trade shows. The latest interview with a CNN reporter demonstrated the lighter side of Aiko. Aiko demonstrated her sight recognition features by recognizing the difference between a coca cola product and water and distinguishing food. While the public events thus far have been geared to attract public attention, the genius behind the ‘Brain’ technology and its future is astounding.The human applications for incorporating Aiko clones to assist sight-impaired and multi-modal impaired humans is almost limitless. Le Trung estimates Aiko clones can be mass-produced for $15,000 to $17,000 USD. At first blush, this amount may seem pricey, until you factor in the cost of a 24/7 human caregiver or security assistant. For more information about Project Aiko, See: Project Aiko© 2008 PhysOrg.com Explore further (PhysOrg.com) — Aiko is a humanoid robot with a built in Biometric Artificial Intelligence Neural System (Brain) designed by Le Trung in Canada. Aiko is slightly less than 5-feet high with 32.24-inch bust, 22.44-inch waist and 33.07-inch waist. Aiko which means “love child” is the perfect companion. In fact, lovely Aiko speaks Japanese and English and can respond to annoyances and questions. Citation: A Perfect Female Companion: Project Aiko (2008, December 12) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2008-12-female-companion-aiko.html Aiko – Credit: Project Aiko Important results for brain machine interfaces
Close up of polyps are arrayed on a coral, waving their tentacles. There can be thousands of polyps on a single coral branch. Credit: Wikipedia Marine rainforests Known as the “rainforests of the sea,” coral reefs form some of the most diverse ecosystems on earth. Despite only covering 0.1 percent of the ocean’s surface, they provide a home for 25 percent of all maritime species, including fish, mollusks, and sponges. Coral reefs are actually deposits of calcium carbonate, the substance found in sea shells. The makeup of any coral reef is complex and consists of microscopic organisms called corals that live together in small colonies known as polyps. Polyps that contain “reef building” coral species are responsible for laying down the calcium carbonate that form the reefs. Corals live together with algae, and this relationship helps coral reefs survive. But when coral reefs experience stress, such as an increase in sea temperature, they sometimes expel the algae, which results in coral bleaching, a phenomenon in which the coral loses all its color, appearing completely white. This can result in the death of the reef. For example, in 2005, the US lost half of its coral reefs in the Caribbean to a massive bleaching event.It is already known that some corals are better than others at coping with stress. So Professor Stephen Palumbi and his colleagues at Stanford University in California set out to assess whether coral species have the ability to acclimate to warmer temperatures by increasing their thermal tolerance levels. Palumbi and his team completed their fieldwork on coral reefs in the U.S. National Park of American Samoa on Ofu Island. They concentrated on an important reef-building coral species. The corals were contained in two adjacent pools. In the first pool, water temperatures were more varied, reaching temperatures as high as 35°C. This was known as the highly variable pool. The second pool, known as the moderately variable pool, rarely experienced water temperatures of above 32°C. Coral transplant First, the researchers tested the photosynthesis rates of corals from both pools to compare how well they coped with high temperatures. They then transplanted coral colonies from the moderately variable pool to the highly variable pool to see if the coral would adapt to higher water temperatures. The transplanted corals were left to acclimate over the course of about two years, and were regularly tested for thermal tolerance over this time. The researchers conducted genetic analysis to see if there was any change in gene expression during this period that would result in higher thermal tolerance.It was found that corals in the highly variable pool were more tolerant of higher temperatures when compared to the corals in the moderately variable pool. But the most interesting finding involved the ability of the coral to acclimate to higher water temperatures. Dr Daniel Barshis, part of the team that completed the research, said: “The most important finding was that corals are capable of increasing their thermal tolerance limits substantially in just 12 to 18 months. This acclimation in upper tolerance limits correlates with changes in gene expression as well.” Real-world applications Barshis went on to say that this new knowledge should be integrated into models that predict the effects of global warming on coral reefs to help us understand how they will respond to rising sea temperatures in the future, he said: “This research provides some glimmer of hope that corals may have the ability to survive more than we’ve given them credit for, but only if we reduce the amount of current and future stresses.”This research also has many real-world applications that could help protect coral reefs from future climate change. Palumbi said, “It should be possible to use climate-resistant corals in transplant/restoration efforts in order to replant reefs with greater future resilience. This is one of the things we are doing this summer in a set of pilot projects in Samoa.” Citation: Coral reefs are better at coping with rising sea temperatures than we thought (2014, May 30) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2014-05-coral-reefs-coping-sea-temperatures.html Journal information: Science More information: Mechanisms of reef coral resistance to future climate change, Science 23 May 2014: Vol. 344 no. 6186 pp. 895-898. DOI: 10.1126/science.1251336ABSTRACTReef corals are highly sensitive to heat, yet populations resistant to climate change have recently been identified. To determine the mechanisms of temperature tolerance, we reciprocally transplanted corals between reef sites experiencing distinct temperature regimes and tested subsequent physiological and gene expression profiles. Local acclimatization and fixed effects, such as adaptation, contributed about equally to heat tolerance and are reflected in patterns of gene expression. In less than 2 years, acclimatization achieves the same heat tolerance that we would expect from strong natural selection over many generations for these long-lived organisms. Our results show both short-term acclimatory and longer-term adaptive acquisition of climate resistance. Adding these adaptive abilities to ecosystem models is likely to slow predictions of demise for coral reef ecosystems. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. (Phys.org) —Coral reefs are under threat from rising sea temperatures caused by global warming. But in a recent paper, published in Science, it was found that certain types of coral are able to adapt to tolerate higher sea temperatures by changing the genes they express. Scientists think this new discovery could be used to devise new ways of protecting coral reefs, as well as improving our predictions of how they will cope with climate change in the future. © 2014 Phys.org Explore further Some corals adjusting to rising ocean temperatures, research says
Journal information: Nature Scientists have been trying for quite some time to nail down the earliest parts of human evolution, but have been stymied by a lack of fossil evidence. Geneticists have shown that humans and great apes share a common lineage, which has led to efforts by archeologists and others to find evidence of when splits occurred between gorillas and later chimps, our closet ancestor. Genetic evidence has suggested that humans split from chimps as recently as 5 million years ago and with gorillas approximately 7 to 8 million years ago. But these findings have conflicted with archeological findings. In this new effort the rift has widened even further as new evidence suggests at least one of the splits may have occurred much farther back in time.Back in 2007 a team of researchers found nine ancient gorilla teeth fossils at the Chorora Formation—the extinct species was given the name Chororapithecus abyssinicus. Since that time the researchers with this new effort have been working on ways to date the teeth—they have examined volcanic rock samples and particles of sediment that are known to have been magnetized at one point, from areas both above and below where the teeth were found. In analyzing their data, the team has come to believe that the teeth are from approximately 8 million years ago. Their findings suggest that the fossilized teeth represent the oldest mammalian fossils found south of the Sahara desert area, which, the team claims, adds credence to the theory that apes and thus humans originated in Africa, not Eurasia as some have claimed. Citation: Gorilla fossil suggests split from humans as far back as 10 million years ago (2016, February 11) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2016-02-gorilla-fossil-humans-million-years.html More information: Shigehiro Katoh et al. New geological and palaeontological age constraint for the gorilla–human lineage split, Nature (2016). DOI: 10.1038/nature16510AbstractThe palaeobiological record of 12 million to 7 million years ago (Ma) is crucial to the elucidation of African ape and human origins, but few fossil assemblages of this period have been reported from sub-Saharan Africa. Since the 1970s, the Chorora Formation, Ethiopia, has been widely considered to contain ~10.5 million year (Myr) old mammalian fossils. More recently, Chororapithecus abyssinicus, a probable primitive member of the gorilla clade6, was discovered from the formation. Here we report new field observations and geochemical, magnetostratigraphic and radioisotopic results that securely place the Chorora Formation sediments to between ~9 and ~7 Ma. The C. abyssinicus fossils are ~8.0 Myr old, forming a revised age constraint of the human–gorilla split. Other Chorora fossils range in age from ~8.5 to 7 Ma and comprise the first sub-Saharan mammalian assemblage that spans this period. These fossils suggest indigenous African evolution of multiple mammalian lineages/groups between 10 and 7 Ma, including a possible ancestral-descendent relationship between the ~9.8 Myr old Nakalipithecus nakayamai8 and C. abyssinicus. The new chronology and fossils suggest that faunal provinciality between eastern Africa and Eurasia had intensified by ~9 Ma, with decreased faunal interchange thereafter. The Chorora evidence supports the hypothesis of in situ African evolution of the Gorilla–Pan–human clade, and is concordant with the deeper divergence estimates of humans and great apes based on lower mutation rates of ~0.5 × 10−9 per site per year.* Press release © 2016 Phys.org Explore further (Phys.org)—An international team of researchers studying fossils unearthed in Ethiopia’s Chorora Formation in the Afar rift has dated some gorilla teeth fossils to approximately 8 million years ago, which the team suggests, shows that the human gorilla split had to have occurred at least 10 million years ago. The team has published a report of its findings and theories in the journal Nature. Closer look at teeth suggests Columbian mammoth was actually a Eurasian steppe mammoth The team’s findings also suggest that because C.abyssinicus dates back to 8 million years ago, the split with humans must have occurred at least 10 million years ago, much further back than any other evidence has shown to date. Credit: Wikipedia Team analysis of these 8-million-year-old Chororapithecus teeth fossils provided insights into the human-gorilla evolutionary split. Credit: Gen Suwa This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
Beetlejuice mutants (Prickle1Bj/Bj) develop median cleft lip and cleft secondary palate. (a,c) Frontal views of wild-type (Prickle1+/+) (a) and Prickle1Bj/Bj (c) at P0 (postnatal day). Median cleft lip indicated by arrow and is completely penetrant. (b,d) Palatal view of fetuses at embryonic stage 18.5 (E18.5). Arrow indicates medial cleft lip and cleft secondary palate. After collection the embryos and P0 fetuses were fixed in 4% paraformaldehyde and embedded in paraffin for histological/immunohistological analysis. Credit: Scientific Reports, doi: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-36742-0 By nature, the craniofacial complex contains three distinct regions: the skull vault, cranial base and the face. The cranial base forms the floor of the braincase and the skull vault – the roof. Bones of the cranial base form via endochondral ossification, while osteogenesis in the skull vault occurs via intramembranous ossification. Both the skull vault and cranial base are of embryonic origin (neural-crest derived or mesodermally derived). Embryological study of the skull reveals dinosaur-bird connection In contrast, in the homozygous mutant (PrickleBJ/BJ), contributions of the frontal bone to the total length increased, while the proportion of the parietal bone remained unchanged. Taken together, the results indicated that the Prickle1 protein function was required during all stages of frontal bone development. Wan et al. focused on the function of Prickle1 in the developing skull vault by examining the tissue distribution of the protein in wild type vs. mutant embryos. They found that the Prickle1 mutation resulted in two defected processes during frontal bone development, which included delayed osteoblast differentiation and reduced migration in the frontal bone. Such frontal bone defects were also observed in the phenotypic spectrum of cleidocranial dysplasia (CCD). The observed frontal bone insufficiency could potentially result from defects in proliferation and cell death. The scientists conducted studies using Haematoxylin and Eosin (H&E) histology dyes to test the hypothesis by observing frontal bone condensation in the wild type vs. mutant animals at embryonic stage 12.5 (E12.5), at which time frontal bone condensation typically occurred. Thereafter, they conducted TUNEL apoptosis assays, where the results indicated very few apoptotic cells (depicted via TUNEL positive uptake) in either genotype. Wan et al. further determined if a defective signaling system led to the observed delayed frontal bone osteogenesis by studying the level of canonical Wnt and Hedgehog (HH) signaling in the mutants. The results suggested that the levels of HH signaling (required for cranial bone development) were, indeed, defective in the mutant animals. Finally, they conducted in situ hybridization to markers of osteoblast migration (with markers Engrailed1 (En1), Twist1, Msx1 and Msx2) in the wild type and mutant littermates. The expression level of the markers was reduced in the frontal bone primordia in the mutants. The results suggested the Prickle1 protein function was necessary to mediate cell migration of osteoblast precursors during all stages of skull vault development. In this way, Wan et al. analyzed the Beetlejuice mutant mouse as a new model to understand the etiology of microcephaly. The number of animal models currently in use to determine the growth patterns of the face and skull in microcephaly are limited. The scientists combined genetic, molecular and physical mechanisms in the study relative to Prickle1 mutants to show contributions to decreased growth of the craniofacial region in the new mouse model. Wan et al. will continue the work to understand how cell migration and the alteration of each compartment (brain, skull vault and cranial base) contribute to the development of microcephaly, clavarial patterning and growth. Citation: The Prickle1 gene regulates the differentiation of frontal bone osteoblasts in a new animal model (2019, January 4) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2019-01-prickle1-gene-differentiation-frontal-bone.html Homozygous mutants (PrickleBJ/BJ) are microcephalic and have defects in the neural-crest derived skull. (a-c, e-g) Macroscopic views of the wild type mouse (Prickle+/+) (a-c) and homozygous mutant (e-g) littermates. d) Schematic of the superior view of the skull vault, h) quantified skull vault measurements. The mutant heads are shorter proximal-distally when observed laterally from the external and with the alizarin red/alcian blue stained specimens. (c,g) Superior view of the skull vault demonstrates the interfrontal suture (yellow lines). d) Schematic of the skull vault showing the tissue origin, below which is the schematic for the measurement in (h). h) The proximal-distal shortening is most profound in the nasal region. Abbreviations: c: coronal suture, f: frontal bone, if: interfrontal suture, ip: interparietal bone, m: mesoderm, n: nasal bone, ncc: neural-crest cell, p: parietal bone, s: sagittal suture. Credit: Scientific Reports, doi: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-36742-0 Delayed ossification in the frontal bone primordium. Digoxigenin (DIG)-labeled section in situ hybridization to embryonic stage 12.5 Prickle1+/+ (a–c) and Prickle1Bj/Bj (d–f) littermates. The expression levels of Runx2 (a,d), Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) (b,e) and Osterix (c,f) are decreased in frontal bone primordium of Prickle1Bj/Bj mutants compared with wild-type control embryos. Credit: Scientific Reports, doi: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-36742-0 Explore further A mechanically compromised skull can result from enlarged fontanelles and smaller frontal bones due to defective migration and differentiation of osteoblasts in the skull primordia (developing skull). The Wnt/Planar cell polarity signaling pathway (Wnt/PCP), usually regulates cell migration and movement in tissues during embryonic development. In a recent study, conducted by Yong Wan and colleagues at the Center for Craniofacial Regeneration, the central research emphasis was on the Prickle1 gene, a core component of the Wnt/PCP pathway, in the skull. More information: Yong Wan et al. Prickle1 regulates differentiation of frontal bone osteoblasts, Scientific Reports (2018). DOI: 10.1038/s41598-018-36742-0 Osteogenesis: The Development of Bones. www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK10056/Shiqin Zhang et al. Dose-Dependent Effects ofRunx2on Bone Development, Journal of Bone and Mineral Research (2009). DOI: 10.1359/jbmr.090502 Angel Pan et al. A review of hedgehog signaling in cranial bone development, Frontiers in Physiology (2013). DOI: 10.3389/fphys.2013.00061 S Mundlos et al. Mutations Involving the Transcription Factor CBFA1 Cause Cleidocranial Dysplasia, Cell (2004). DOI: 10.1016/S0092-8674(00)80260-3 The study included BrdU-labelled cell counts in the mutant vs. wild type mice to show no difference in the ratio of proliferating cells either. The number of actively dividing cells were then tested using phosphor-histone H3 immunohistochemistry to show no difference in the number of dividing cells in littermates. Since there was no change in cell death and proliferation, the scientists were next determined to test if osteogenic differentiation was occurring correctly.For this, Wan et al conducted RNA in situ hybridization experiments to assess the expression of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and Osterix (OSX, also known as Sp7) in the pre-osteoblasts and osteoblasts of the frontal bones. They determined the expression of RUNX2, an early marker of osteoblast commitment in the skull and of ALP, a marker of more mature osteoblasts. By embryonic stage 15.5 (E15.5), the expression of Runx2, ALP and OSX decreased in the ectocranial layer of the mutant frontal bones compared with wild type littermates. The scientists determined that intramembranous ossification (conversion of mesenchymal tissue into bone) delayed in the frontal bone results in the hypoplastic Beetlejuice mutants. , Cell No change in the rate of proliferation or apoptosis in the Prickle1Bj/Bj frontal bones. At embryonic stage 12.5 (E12.5), Prickle1+/+ (a–d) and Prickle1Bj/Bj (f–i) littermates assayed for histology (haemotoxylin and eosin) staining (a,f), TUNEL staining (b,g), proliferation with BrdU immunofluorescence (c,h) and mitosis with phospho-histone H3 immunohistochemistry (d,i). (a,d) The frontal bone mesenchymal condensation (black outline) is present in both wildtype (a) and Prickle1Bj/Bj (f) littermates. (b,g) TUNEL-positive cells were found near the eye (arrowheads) and absent in the frontal bone primordia. (c,h) BrdU-positive cells (green) are found in the frontal bone primordium (white outline) of wildtype (c) and Prickle1Bj/Bj (h) littermates. (d,i) Few positive PHH3-positive cells (brown) are found in the frontal bone primordium of wildtype (d) and Prickle1Bj/Bj (i) littermates. (e) No difference in the ratio of BrdU-positive cells in the frontal bone primordia. (j) No difference in the number of PHH3-positive cells in the frontal bones between genotypes. Credit: Scientific Reports, doi: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-36742-0 Osteoblast migration is decreased in the frontal bone primordium. DIG-labeled section in situ hybridization to Twist1, Msx1, Msx2 and Engrailed1 (En1) to E12.5 Prickle1+/+ (a–d) and Prickle1Bj/Bj (e–h) coronal sections. (a,e) Decreased expression of Twist1 in the Prickle1Bj/Bj compared with wild-type. (b,f) The expression of Msx1 is decreased in the mutant compared with wild-type. (c,g) The expression of Msx2 is slightly decreased in the Prickle1Bj/Bj compared with wild-type. (d,h) The expression of En1 is similar in the Prickle1Bj/Bj compared with wild type. Credit: Scientific Reports, doi: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-36742-0 For the studies, Wan et al. used the missense allele of Prickle1, named Prickle1Beetlejuice (PrickleBJ). The homozygous PrickleBJ/BJ ‘Beetlejuice’ mutants were microcephalic and developed enlarged fontanelles between insufficient frontal bones, although the parietal bones were normal. The homozygous mutants had several other craniofacial defects including a midline cleft lip, incompletely penetrant cleft palate and decreased proximal-distal growth of the head. The scientists observed decreased Wnt/β-catenin and hedgehog signaling in the frontal bone condensations of the homozygous mutants in the study.The results are now published on Scientific Reports. In the homozygous mutants, the frontal bone osteoblast precursors underwent delayed differentiation, alongside decreased expression of migratory markers, resulting in underdeveloped frontal bones. The study showed that the Prickle1 protein function contributed to both migration and differentiation of bone-forming cells (osteoblast precursors) and its absence in the mutant animal model resulted in the defects. The homozygous mutants (PrickleBJ/BJ) developed cardiac outflow tract misalignment and cleft palate, contributing to perinatal death of the mutant mice. Therefore, the observed phenotypic features were from early to late embryonic stages. , Journal of Bone and Mineral Research In the study model, the Beetlejuice mutants (Bj) contained a point-mutation in the Prickle1 gene (C161F), the Bj C161F mutation was deleterious to the function of the cytoplasmic protein Prickle1. Mutations of the protein in humans are usually associated with familial epilepsy. The mutant phenotype was consistent with another independent point mutation of Prickle1, known as C251X, which included stunted limbs and a cleft palate. While the protein product of the gene is widely expressed in the cytoplasm, little was known about its role in craniofacial osteogenesis. In the present study, Wan et al. analyzed the bones and cartilage of the head using alcian blue and alizarin red histology dyes. The homozygous mutant skulls were smaller, and the proximal-distal length of the head was reduced with an increased medial-lateral width of the skull. The results showed a statistically significant decrease in the contribution of the nasal bone to the total length of the skull vault in the wild type mice (Prickle+/+). This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Journal information: Scientific Reports © 2019 Science X Network
Celebrating the spirit of colour orange, Camera Unlimited has brought its new photography exhibition titled Tangerine Tales to the Capital. Orange colour is considered pious in many religions like saffron robes of Buddhist monks, vermilion tilak on the forehead of a sadhu, bright orange turban worn by Sikh devotees and these symbolic visuals which can be seen in every day life have been captured very creatively by the photographers.An eighth exhibition in the series, this is an effort to blend the work of established as well as upcoming photographers, showcasing their talents on a common platform. The exhibition features photographs by Ahmed Firoz, Ambika Sethi, Dinesh Sethi, Krishan Sharma, Lubna Sen, Marta Martinez, Nitin Arjun, Rajesh Ramakrishnan, Rohit Kumar, Shilpi Choudhuri, Shivani Punia and Shoba Jolly. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’Each photographers has interpreted the theme in a different manner. From a peeling orange wall depicting disturbed calmness to the explosion of vibrant expressions and colours of festival Holi, from abstracts in still life to surreal frames in motion, sunrise to sunset, the contradictions in the photographs may be obvious yet they all are tied by the common thread of colour – orange.The colour orange means different things to each of us. For some it may be the burst of energy, the passion of a glowing fire, while some associate it with the calmness of a sadhu’s robe and symbol of the autumn leaves. All the photographs on display are printed on Canvas and are framed in an identical manner which ensures that each of the artwork stands out and mark it’s impression on visitors.When: Till 24 NovemberWhere: Arpana Caur Academy of Fine Arts & Literature
On what turned out to be a pretty bad day in office, five-time world champion Anand went down rather tamely in the second game on Sunday and now trails 0.5-1.5 in the 12-game match. Anand’s body language also suggested that the king is currently down especially in the light of the fact that the opening had gone quite well for the Indian ace in both the games. However, as was the case in the last world championship match, Carlsen tuned the position of both games to his liking after some time and while Anand salvaged a half point in the first game, in the second he never got a chance. Also Read – Khel Ratna for Deepa and Bajrang, Arjuna for JadejaAnand looked more tentative than Carlsen and it was hesitation that cost him dearly in the second game.To his credit, Carlsen was at his best and did what he has mastered against top class opponents. An innocuous opening reached a level middle game and then the complexities stared to burden Anand to the extent that he fumbled and produced a rare blunder. This was clearly caused by sustained pressure by the Norwegian.In the last world championship match, Anand had drawn four before losing the fifth game. Anand will have to not only stop further damage but also seek a quick cruise control to stage a comeback in the match. In the third game on Tuesday Anand will play with white pieces.
Combining the dexterity of a lensman and sensibility of a poet, a leading Indian writer-photographer is set to crackle the art scene in the national capital by holding a solo photography show Ephemera that takes the audience into the deep recesses of the mountains and life of the people through a tapestry of haunting images. Delhi-based artist-author Kishore Thukral’s week-long exhibition, beginning January 14 at India Habitat Centre, features 73 sparkling photos, focusing on the transient nature of life shot through diverse geographies – from Ladakh to Nepal, from Mauritius to Japan, from Spiti to Cambodia. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’So there are pictures of brooding mountains, expansive deserts and gurgling rivers on the one hand and of urban chaos expressed through images of fishing nets (Cambodia) and the rail transit line (Tokyo), on the other. The uniqueness of the exhibition lies in Thukral’s pioneering attempt to probe the timeless bond of man-mountain-water and beyond through two different mediums — camera and poetry. For Ephemera is the title not only of the photo exhibition but also first book of his that combines pictures with verse. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with Netflix“This relationship (man, mountain and water) commenced millennia ago. It will endure till our planet survives. Their Survival will be our Survival,” says the artist, who has trekked, photographed and researched extensively in the western Himalayas, especially in the Spiti Valley.The pictures – all in colour — focus on the entrancing nature on the one hand and the toil and turmoil of human beings in an urban milieu – with an underlying message that they are all ‘ephemera’. “In this Cosmos of Eternity, what am I but mere Ephemera!” observes the poet-artist. Celebrated art historian, curator and cultural theorist Alka Pande has curated the exhibition, which will be opened by well-known music composer Shantanu Moitra.On the occasion, renowned actress-writer-painter-photographer Deepti Naval will release the book, Ephemera, which sums up Thukral’s belief, imbibed through the Buddhist philosophy, that impermanence is the only permanent thing in life. We may yearn for immortality, but ‘ephemera’ is our unalterable destiny. In her foreword to the book, Deepti Naval writes: “His (Kishore) journey has taken him to remote niches in the mountains, and to a whole new universe en route…the camera has become an inseparable part of Kishore. I have seen him use it instinctually, like an artist handling his brush. Understandably, his photography is intuitive, not laboured…. Going through his book it becomes difficult to say whether it is his image or his words that are more evocative.” The 198-page book has 171 photos in total, capturing the various moods of the mountains and life of the people. “My poetry reflects the frustration and longing of inhabitants of the ersatz world of our cities,” he says. Thukral has to his credit a number of photography exhibitions and illustrated lectures on Spiti, Dangkhar and Vajrayana Buddhist art. His photographs have appeared in books, magazines and calendars, including the 2011 calendar on Buddha brought out by India Post, Government of India. He has also the credit of compiling and editing Sharanam Gachhami: an Album of Awakening (Full Circle) in 2011, a coffee-table book of photographic interpretation on Buddhist principles, shot by 20 photographers from different parts of the world, including Richard Gere, Steve McCurry, Raghu Rai and Deepti Naval. His other works include The Chronicler’s Daughter (2002), a novel. He is currently working on a handbook on Himalayan and Tibetan Buddhist iconography. He has also translated and written several songs, including the theme song for the award winning film I am Kalam.When: January 14 to 20 Where: India Habitat Centre, Lodhi Road
Kolkata: Nehru Children’s Museum held a painting exhibition at the Gaganendra Exhibition Hall. The exhibition was inaugurated by eminent painters like Samit Aich, Asit Pal, Debabrata Chakraborty and cartoonist Debasish Deb. It is a three-day exhibition, running from April 28 to April 30. The production of the paintings was based on ‘Tomar shrishti, aamader tulite’ or ‘your creation through our paintings.’ The 60 paintings that were displayed in the gallery portrayed art work based on Rabindranath Tagore’s poetry. Lines like ‘Aamar raat pohalo, Sarado praatey, Baashi Also Read – Heavy rain hits traffic, flightstomar diye jabo kahar haatey’, were portrayed beautifully through a water colored painting of a brown boy playing the flute in the middle of the night. Another of these lines: ‘Esheche sarat himer pore’, came to life through an artwork of a Baul singer carrying an iktara. Many such small lines from famous Tagore poems were portrayed through the art work of 11 to 26 year olda. Other mediums like poster color, acrylic, charcoal and tempera were used for the paintings. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Merc, 2 B’deshi bystanders killedThe theme was nature through Tagore’s eyes. Shikha Mukherjee, an official at the administrative section of Nehru Children’s Museum, believes that this theme made the children realise the importance of nature and the beauty of Rabindranath Tagore’s works. An exhibition, which has been running successfully since the last 12 years, has made an incredible show this year with 60 |beautiful paintings of some of the best painters in the association.
Serendipity Delhi, a unique Concept Store dedicated to promoting Art, Music, Culture and Design is organizing a special Book Reading evening with William Dalrymple on his latest release Return of a King on March 28. Adding a Musical note to the evening will be a performance of Thumri-Dadra and Ghazal by noted classical singer Vidya Rao. The event is a Fund Raiser to benefit All Creatures Great and Small (ACGS), a non-profit organization that provides shelter for animals in distress. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’Hosted at Serendipity’s beautifully restored Haveli, meet the author and other book and classical music lovers, and enjoy the ambience of Serendipity’s lovely terrace. William Dalrymple is a bestselling author whose books include In Xanadu, City of Djinns, From the Holy Mountain, White Mughals, The Last Mughal and Nine Lives. He has won the Premio Hemingway Prize 2015 for Return of a King. He has won the Thomas Cook Travel Book Award, the Sunday Times Young British Writer of the Year Award, the French Prix d’Astrolabe, the Wolfson Prize for History, the Scottish Book of the Year Award, the Duff Cooper Memorial Prize, the Asia House Award for Asian Literature, the Vodafone/Crossword Award for non-fiction and has, prior to the shortlisting of Return of a King, been longlisted three times for the Samuel Johnson Prize. He lives with his wife and three children on a farm outside Delhi. Vidya Rao is a leading performer of thumri-dadra and ghazal. The disciple of the legendary singer, the late Vidushi Naina Devi, she has performed at national and international forums, has lectured and conducted workshops and lecture-demonstrations, and has composed and sung for theatre, film and dance.
The magic of hand-crafted and hand-woven marvels of rural Bengal cast its spell on the connoisseurs of the capital at Banga Utsav 2015, which was held from April 18 to 21 at Dilli Haat. Heralding the advent of the Bengali New Year or Nabo Barsho, the week-long exposition, organized by the Office of the Resident Commissioner, West Bengal, in collaboration with socio-cultural organization banglanatak dot com, was inaugurated in the gracious presence of Bhaskar Khulbe, Additional Secretary in the Prime Minister’s Office, Atanu Purkayastha, Additional Chief Secretary, Government of West Bengal, R D Meena, Principal Resident Commissioner, Government of West Bengal and Puneet K Goel, Commissioner, South Delhi Municipal Corporation. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’Bengali New Year is celebrated on 14 April in the Bangladesh and 15 April in the Indian state of West Bengal by the Bengali people and also by minor Bengali communities in other Indian states, including Assam, Tripura, Jharkhand and Orrisa. Some of the highlights of the exhibition were, the display and sale of ethnic Bengal handloom products, the beautiful Baluchari and hand-printed batik sarees and exquisite handicrafted items such as mats, wooden dolls and masks, embossed leather goods, clay models, dokra craft and terracotta costume jewellery. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixPromotion of community-led and managed Rural Craft Hubs are being developed in ten locations across Bengal targeting revitalization of traditional crafts, capacity building, infrastructure, technology and marketing support to craft persons and encouraging diversification efforts to ensure better financial returns for their creations. Presentation of mesmerizing folk music tradition of Bengal were showcased in the evenings of April 18 and 19, bringing performers of Bhatiyali and Bhawaiya songs at the amphitheatre of Dilli Haat created an ambience of celebration, colour and rhythm.The Office of the Resident Commissioner, West Bengal, organised handicrafts and handloom fairs at Delhi at regular intervals for the last few years with an objective to provide a national platform to rural artisans and weavers from the state. The endevour was a part of that continuing initiative which has received wide acclaim and encouragement from the citizens of Delhi so far.